FRUTTORTI DI PARMA

Orti e frutteti condivisi nei quartieri cittadini

Animal species332
Plants and mushrooms316

The Picasso Food Forest Biodiversity

All photos were taken in the Picasso Food Forest (with the exception of the avifauna).

These pages, dedicate to biodiversity, wish to celebrate the role that the food forest takes in bringing back to town what was taken away from us, that is, the sense of marvel and wonder we get from observing nature.

Those who live in cities surrounded by concrete, car parks, shopping malls, traffic and electronics are denied the pleasure that we feel when immersed in nature. Less and less kids have the fortune to grow in contact with wilderness and people start talking about the spread of nature deficit disorders caused by the lack of opportunities to get in contact with the nature we belong to.

The food forest wishes to bring nature back into town, so that it won’t only provide us food and other material resources but it will also provide habitat for a great variety of plants and animals contributing to human wellbeing and bringing nature to everybody’s reach.

The photo gallery will include also insects considered “pests” by traditional agriculture that in a food forest are part of a balanced system in which each component is regulated by the one connected to it. For example in a balanced system the presence of a pest indicates in most cases the presence of a variety of useful insects that predate on it in a prey and predator relationship. We will also discover that plants considered weeds to be fought with toxic chemicals by traditional agriculture, are actually tasty, colorful, nutritious and edible plants that can be added to our meals.

These pages wish to communicate the enchantment that can be derived from observing the variety of forms, colors, scents and strategies we can encounter in nature. Come to discover them in the Picasso Food Forest.

Photo Gallery:    Plants    Mushrooms    Insects    Spiders    Birds    Other animals

The photos in this gallery are collected under the citizen science biodiversity monitoring program to which anybody can contribute. Click here for further information (Italian only).

We thank for the help with the identifications the users of the forums Natura Mediterraneo and Taccuino del Naturalista di Parma.

Note

  • Images are listed in alphabetical order by family name and spcies name.
  • For each species are indicated the latin name and common name in English and Italian when available.
  • To access a higer image resolution right click on the image and select "open image in a new tab"
  • By clicking on the latin name of plants it is possible to access the rich information on the Plant for a Future database.
  • For plants a series of icons indicate the edible parts, functions and possible hazards based on the following legend: Bark = Bark Seed = Seeds Leaf = Leaf Sap = Sap Fruit = Fruit Flower = Flower Root = Root Stem = Stem Nitrogen fixer = Nitrogen fixer Hazard = Hazard
  • The information on edible and used parts are purely indicative. The use is made under own responsibility, it requires a lot of care and needs to be based on specialized knowledge. Some people can develop allergies also on commonly edible plants. Edibility also depends on quantity and food processing.

Plants

Trees

Corylus avellana
Common hazel/Nocciolo
Corylus avellana, Betulaceae
Seed
Corylus avellana
Common hazel/Nocciolo - Contorto
Corylus avellana, Betulaceae
Seed
Celtis australis
Nettle tree/Bagolaro
Celtis australis, Cannabaceae
SeedFruit
Diospyros kaki
Japanese Persimmon/Cachi
Diospyros kaki, Ebenaceae
Fruit
Diospyros lotus
Date plum/Loto
Diospyros lotus, Ebenaceae
Fruit
Arbutus unedo
Strawberry tree/Corbezzolo
Arbutus unedo, Ericaceae
Fruit
Ceratonia siliqua
Carob tree/Carrubo
Ceratonia siliqua, Fabaceae
SeedNitrogen fixer
Cercis siliquastrum
Juda's Tree/Albero di Giuda
Cercis siliquastrum, Fabaceae
SeedFruit
Laburnum anagyroides
Common Laburnum/Maggiociondolo
Laburnum anagyroides, Fabaceae
Nitrogen fixer
Quercus
Oaks/Quercia
Quercus, Fagaceae
Ginkgo biloba
Ginkgo/Ginco
Ginkgo biloba, Ginkgoaceae
HazardSeed
Juglans nigra
Eastern black walnut/Noce nero
Juglans nigra, Juglandaceae
SeedSap
Juglans regia
Persian walnut/Noce bianco
Juglans regia, Juglandaceae
SeedSap
Laurus nobilis
Bay laurel/Alloro
Laurus nobilis, Lauraceae
Punica granatum
Pomegranate/Melograno
Punica granatum, Lythraceae
SeedFruitLeaf
Ficus carica
Common fig/Fico comune
Ficus carica, Moraceae
Fruit
Ficus carica
Common fig/Fico comune - Brogiotto
Ficus carica, Moraceae
Fruit
Morus
Mulberries/Gelsi
Morus, Moraceae
Fruit
Morus nigra
Black mulberry/Gelso nero
Morus nigra, Moraceae
Fruit
Olea europaea
Olive/Olivo
Olea europaea, Oleaceae
FruitLeafSap
Ziziphus jujuba
Jujube/Giuggiolo
Ziziphus jujuba, Rhamnaceae
FruitLeaf
Cydonia oblonga
Quince/Cotogno
Cydonia oblonga, Rosaceae
FlowerFruit
Eriobotrya japonica
Loquat/Nespolo del Giappone
Eriobotrya japonica, Rosaceae
Fruit
Malus domestica
Apple/Melo - Carla
Malus domestica, Rosaceae
Fruit
Mespilus germanica
Medlar/Nespolo comune
Mespilus germanica, Rosaceae
Fruit
Prunus armeniaca
Apricot/Albicocco - Val Venosta
Prunus armeniaca, Rosaceae
SeedFruit
Prunus armeniaca
Apricot/Albicocco - Reale d'Imola
Prunus armeniaca, Rosaceae
SeedFruit
Prunus avium
Wild cherry/Ciliegio - Bigareau Burlat
Prunus avium, Rosaceae
SeedFruit
Prunus avium
Wild cherry/Ciliegio
Prunus avium, Rosaceae
SeedFruit
Prunus avium
Wild cherry/Ciliegio - Maggese
Prunus avium, Rosaceae
SeedFruit
Prunus cerasifera
Cherry plum/Mirabolano - Pissardii
Prunus cerasifera, Rosaceae
SeedFruit
Prunus cerasifera
Cherry-plum/Mirbolano
Prunus cerasifera, Rosaceae
SeedFruit
Prunus cerasus
Sour Cherry/Ciliegio aspro - Marinone
Prunus cerasus, Rosaceae
SeedFruit
Prunus cerasus
Sour cherry/Amareno
Prunus cerasus, Rosaceae
Fruit
Prunus Desycarpa=Prunus armeniaca + Prunus cerasifera
Apricot/Biricoccolo
Prunus Desycarpa=Prunus armeniaca + Prunus cerasifera, Rosaceae
Fruit
Prunus domestica
Plum/Pruno europeo - Pollenghina
Prunus domestica, Rosaceae
SeedFlowerFruit
Prunus domestica
Plum/Pruno europeo - Zucchella
Prunus domestica, Rosaceae
SeedFlowerFruit
Prunus domestica
Plum/Pruno europeo - Grossa Piacentina
Prunus domestica, Rosaceae
SeedFlowerFruit
Prunus domestica
Plum/Pruno europeo - Perseghena
Prunus domestica, Rosaceae
SeedFlowerFruit
Prunus padus
Bird cherry/Ciliegio a grappolo
Prunus padus, Rosaceae
FlowerFruit
Prunus persica
Peach/Pesco - Sanguignea
Prunus persica, Rosaceae
FlowerFruit
Prunus persica
Peach/Pesco - Percoca romana
Prunus persica, Rosaceae
FlowerFruit
Pyrus communis
Common Pear/Pero - Moscato
Pyrus communis, Rosaceae
Fruit
Pyrus communis
Common Pear/Pero - San Pedes
Pyrus communis, Rosaceae
Fruit
Pyrus communis
Common Pear/Pero - Spadone
Pyrus communis, Rosaceae
Fruit
Pyrus pyrifolia
Asian Pear/Nashi
Pyrus pyrifolia, Rosaceae
Fruit
Sorbus torminalis
Wils service tree/Sorbo ciavardello
Sorbus torminalis, Rosaceae
Fruit
Citrus trifoliata
Trifoliate orange/Ponciro
Citrus trifoliata, Rutaceae
FruitLeaf
Tetradium daniellii
Bee-bee tree/Albero del miele
Tetradium daniellii, Rutaceae
Fruit
Salix alba
White willow/Salice bianco
Salix alba, Salicaceae
Acer campestre
Field maple/Acero campestre
Acer campestre, Sapindaceae
Acer negundo
Boxelder maple/Acero americano
Acer negundo, Sapindaceae
BarkSeedLeafSap
Acer saccharinum
Silver maple/Acero argentato
Acer saccharinum, Sapindaceae
BarkSeedLeafSap
Ulmus minor
Field elm/Olmo campestre
Ulmus minor, Ulmaceae
Fruit

Shrubs

Asimina triloba
Common pawpaw/Banano del nord - Sunflower
Asimina triloba, Annonaceae
Fruit
Asimina triloba
Common pawpaw/Banano del nord - Prolifico
Asimina triloba, Annonaceae
Fruit
Asimina triloba
Common pawpaw/Banano del nord - Prima 1216 gialla
Asimina triloba, Annonaceae
Fruit
Vinca major
Greater periwinkle/Pervinca maggiore
Vinca major, Apocynaceae
Helichrysum italicum
Curry plant/Elicriso
Helichrysum italicum, Asteraceae
Berberis koreana
nd/Crespino koreano
Berberis koreana, Berberidaceae
FruitLeaf
Berberis vulgaris
European Barberries/Crespino
Berberis vulgaris, Berberidaceae
Fruit
Chimonanthus praecox
Wintersweet/Calicanto
Chimonanthus praecox, Calycanthaceae
Flower
Lonicera caerulea
Sweetberry Honeysuckle/Caprifoglio turchino
Lonicera caerulea, Caprifoliaceae
Fruit
Cornus mas
Cornelian cherry/Corniolo - Jolico
Cornus mas, Cornaceae
Fruit
Cornus mas
Cornelian cherry/Corniolo
Cornus mas, Cornaceae
Fruit
Cornus sanguinea
Common dogwood/Corniolo sanguinello
Cornus sanguinea, Cornaceae
Elaeagnus angustifolia
Russian silverbeyy/Olivello di Boemia
Elaeagnus angustifolia, Elaeagnaceae
SeedFruitNitrogen fixer
Elaeagnus multiflora
Cherry Oleaster/Olivagno
Elaeagnus multiflora, Elaeagnaceae
SeedFruitNitrogen fixer
Elaeagnus umbellata
Autumn olive/Olivagno umbellato - Pointilla fortunella
Elaeagnus umbellata, Elaeagnaceae
SeedFruitNitrogen fixer
Elaeagnus umbellata
Autumn olive/Olivagno umbellato
Elaeagnus umbellata, Elaeagnaceae
SeedFruitNitrogen fixer
Elaeagnus umbellata
Autumn olive/Olivagno umbellato - Pointilla sweet n' sour
Elaeagnus umbellata, Elaeagnaceae
SeedFruitNitrogen fixer
Elaeagnus x ebbingei
Hybrid Oleaster/Olivagno ebbingei
Elaeagnus x ebbingei, Elaeagnaceae
SeedFruitNitrogen fixer
Hippophae rhamnoides
Sea-buckthorn/Olivello spinoso
Hippophae rhamnoides, Elaeagnaceae
FruitNitrogen fixer
Caragana arborescens
Siberian peashrub/Pisello siberiano
Caragana arborescens, Fabaceae
SeedNitrogen fixer
Ribes nigrum
Blackcurrant/Ribes nero
Ribes nigrum, Grossulariaceae
FruitLeaf
Ribes nigrum
Blackcurrant/Ribes nero - Titania
Ribes nigrum, Grossulariaceae
FruitLeaf
Ribes rubrum
Red Currant/Ribes rosso - White
Ribes rubrum, Grossulariaceae
Fruit
Ribes rubrum
Red Currant/Ribes rosso
Ribes rubrum, Grossulariaceae
Fruit
Ribes rubrum
Red Currant/Ribes rosso - Jonkheer van tets
Ribes rubrum, Grossulariaceae
Fruit
Ribes rubrum
Red Currant/Ribes rosso - White Werdavia
Ribes rubrum, Grossulariaceae
Fruit
Ribes uva-crispa
Gooseberry/Uva spina - Red
Ribes uva-crispa, Grossulariaceae
FruitLeaf
Ribes uva-crispa
Gooseberry/Uva spina
Ribes uva-crispa, Grossulariaceae
FruitLeaf
Ribes x nidigrolaria
Jostberry/Josta
Ribes x nidigrolaria, Grossulariaceae
Fruit
Hyssopus officinalis
Hyssop/Issopo
Hyssopus officinalis, Lamiaceae
FlowerLeaf
Lavandula angustifolia
Common Lavender/Lavanda
Lavandula angustifolia, Lamiaceae
Salvia officinalis
Garden sage/Salvia
Salvia officinalis, Lamiaceae
Leaf
Satureja montana
Winter Savory/Santoreggia
Satureja montana, Lamiaceae
Leaf
Teucrium fruticans
Tree germander/Camedrio
Teucrium fruticans, Lamiaceae
Thymus vulgaris
Common thyme/Timo maggiore
Thymus vulgaris, Lamiaceae
Leaf
Thymus x citriodorus
Lemon Thyme/Timo limone
Thymus x citriodorus, Lamiaceae
Leaf
Thymus x citriodorus
Lemon Thyme/Timo limone - Variegatus
Thymus x citriodorus, Lamiaceae
Leaf
Acca sellowiana
Feijoa/Feijoa
Acca sellowiana, Myrtaceae
FlowerFruit
Ligustrum vulgare
Privet/Ligustro
Ligustrum vulgare, Oleaceae
Syringa vulgaris
Common lilac/lillà
Syringa vulgaris, Oleaceae
Flower
Frangula alnus
Alder buckthorn/Frangola
Frangula alnus, Rhamnaceae
Frangula alnus
Glossy buckthorn/Frangola
Frangula alnus, Rhamnaceae
Rhamnus cathartica
Common buckthorn/Spino cervino
Rhamnus cathartica, Rhamnaceae
Amelanchier alnifolia
Saskatoon/Pero corvino
Amelanchier alnifolia, Rosaceae
Fruit
Aronia melanocarpa
Black chokeberry/Aronia
Aronia melanocarpa, Rosaceae
Fruit
Prunus spinosa
Blackthorn/Prugnolo
Prunus spinosa, Rosaceae
SeedFlowerFruit
Pyracantha coccinea
Firethorn/Agazzino
Pyracantha coccinea, Rosaceae
Rosa canina
Dog-rose/Rosa canina
Rosa canina, Rosaceae
HazardSeedFlowerFruit
Rubus fruticosus
Tayberry/Tayberry - Buckingham Tayberry
Rubus fruticosus, Rosaceae
FruitLeaf
Rubus idaeus
European raspberry/Lampone - Rifiorente autumn bliss
Rubus idaeus, Rosaceae
StemFruit
Rubus idaeus
European raspberry/Lampone - Heritage rifiorente
Rubus idaeus, Rosaceae
StemFruit
Rubus idaeus
European raspberry/Lampone
Rubus idaeus, Rosaceae
StemFruit
Rubus illecebrosus
Strawberry-raspberry/Lampone fragola
Rubus illecebrosus, Rosaceae
Fruit
Rubus loganobaccus
Loganberry/Loganberry
Rubus loganobaccus, Rosaceae
Fruit
Rubus nepalensis
nd/na
Rubus nepalensis, Rosaceae
Fruit
Rubus phoenicolasius
Wineberry/na
Rubus phoenicolasius, Rosaceae
Fruit
Rubus ulmifolius
Elmleaf blackberry/Rovo da more
Rubus ulmifolius, Rosaceae
Fruit
Rubus ulmifolius
Elmleaf blackberry/Rovo da more - Thornless evergreen
Rubus ulmifolius, Rosaceae
Fruit
Ruta graveolens
Rue/Ruta
Ruta graveolens, Rutaceae
HazardLeaf
Zanthoxylum simulans
Sichuan pepper/Pepe di Sichuan
Zanthoxylum simulans, Rutaceae
Fruit
Salix purpurea
Red willow/Salice rosso
Salix purpurea, Salicaceae
Lycium barbarum
Matrimony vine/Goji
Lycium barbarum, Solanaceae
Fruit
Viburnum lantana
Wayfaring tree/Lantana
Viburnum lantana, Vibunaceae
HazardFruit
Viburnum opulus
Guelder rose/Palla di neve
Viburnum opulus, Vibunaceae
HazardFruit
Viburnum tinus
Laurustinus/Lentaggine
Viburnum tinus, Vibunaceae
Sambucus nigra
European elder/Sambuco - Samidam
Sambucus nigra, Viburnaceae
HazardFlowerFruit
Sambucus nigra
European elder/Sambuco
Sambucus nigra, Viburnaceae
HazardFlowerFruit
Sambucus racemosa
Red-berried elder/Sambuco rosso
Sambucus racemosa, Viburnaceae
HazardFlowerFruit

Climbers

Dioscorea polystachya
Chinese yam/Yam cinese
Dioscorea polystachya, Dioscoreaceae
Actinidia chinensis deliciosa
Kiwifruit/Kiwi
Actinidia chinensis deliciosa, Actinidiaceae
SeedFruitLeaf
Akebia quinata
Chocolatevine/Akebia
Akebia quinata, Lardizabalaceae
FruitLeaf
Humulus lupulus
Common hops/Luppolo comune
Humulus lupulus, Cannabaceae
RootFlowerLeaf
Vitis vinifera
Wine grape/Vite comune
Vitis vinifera, Vitaceae
FlowerFruitLeaf

Herbaceous plants

Allium cepa
Common Onion/Cipolla
Allium cepa, Amaryllidaceae
RootSeedFlowerLeaf
Allium chinense
Chinese onion/Aglio cinese
Allium chinense, Amaryllidaceae
RootFlowerLeaf
Allium hookeri
nd/na - Zorami
Allium hookeri, Amaryllidaceae
RootFlowerLeaf
Allium tuberosum
Garlic Chives/Aglio tuberoso
Allium tuberosum, Amaryllidaceae
RootFlowerLeaf
Asparagus officinalis
Wild asparagus/Asparago comune
Asparagus officinalis, Asparagaceae
Stem
Leopoldia comosa
Tassel Hyacinth/Lampascione
Leopoldia comosa, Asparagaceae
Root
Cymbopogon citratus
Lemon Grass/Citronella
Cymbopogon citratus, Poaceae
StemLeaf
Foeniculum vulgare
Fennel/Finocchio
Foeniculum vulgare, Apiaceae
RootSeedStemLeaf
Achillea tomentosa
Yellow Milfoil/Achillea
Achillea tomentosa, Asteraceae
Arctium lappa
Greater burdock/Bardana maggiore
Arctium lappa, Asteraceae
RootStemLeaf
Artemisia absinthium
Wormwood/Assenzio
Artemisia absinthium, Asteraceae
Artemisia dracunculus
Tarragon/Dragoncello
Artemisia dracunculus, Asteraceae
Leaf
Calendula officinalis
Pot marigold/Calendula
Calendula officinalis, Asteraceae
FlowerLeaf
Cynara cardunculus
Artichoke Thistle/Cardo
Cynara cardunculus, Asteraceae
RootFlowerStemLeaf
Cynara cardunculus scolymus
Globe Artichoke/Carciofo
Cynara cardunculus scolymus, Asteraceae
FlowerStemLeaf
Echinacea angustifolia
Narrow-leaved purple coneflower/Echinacea
Echinacea angustifolia, Asteraceae
Grindelia robusta
Great Valley Gumplant/Grindelia
Grindelia robusta, Asteraceae
Leaf
Helianthus annuus
Common sunflower/Girasole
Helianthus annuus, Asteraceae
SeedFlowerStem
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem artichoke/Topinambur
Helianthus tuberosus, Asteraceae
Root
Tagetes
Marigolds/Tagete
Tagetes, Asteraceae
Tanacetum balsamita
Costmary/na
Tanacetum balsamita, Asteraceae
Leaf
Tragopogon pratensis
Meadow salsify/Barba di becco comune
Tragopogon pratensis, Asteraceae
RootStemLeaf
Phacelia tanacetifolia
Lacy phacelia/Facelia
Phacelia tanacetifolia, Boraginaceae
Pulmonaria officinalis
Lungwort/Polmonaria
Pulmonaria officinalis, Boraginaceae
Leaf
Symphytum officinale
Common comfrey/Consolida maggiore
Symphytum officinale, Boraginaceae
HazardLeaf
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic mustard/Alliaria
Alliaria petiolata, Brassicaceae
FlowerLeaf
Armoracia rusticana
Horseradish/Rafano
Armoracia rusticana, Brassicaceae
RootSeedLeaf
Brassica oleracea
Cabbage, broccoli, and allies/Cavolo
Brassica oleracea, Brassicaceae
Leaf
Tropaeolum majus
Nasturtium/Nasturzio
Tropaeolum majus, Tropaeolaceae
SeedFlowerLeaf
Amaranthus caudatus
Love-lies-bleeding/Amaranto coda rossa
Amaranthus caudatus, Amaranthaceae
SeedLeaf
Beta vulgaris
Beet/Barbabietola
Beta vulgaris, Amaranthaceae
Leaf
Chenopodium quinoa
Quinoa/Quinoa
Chenopodium quinoa, Amaranthaceae
HazardSeedLeaf
Cucurbita
Gourds/Zucche
Cucurbita, Cucurbitaceae
Fruit
Sechium edule
Chayote/Chayote
Sechium edule, Cucurbitaceae
SeedFlowerFruitLeaf
Valeriana officinalis
Common valerian/Valeriana comune
Valeriana officinalis, Caprifoliaceae
HazardSeed
Cyclamen
nd/Ciclamini
Cyclamen, Primulaceae
Primula
Primroses/Primula
Primula, Primulaceae
Flower
Coronilla minima
nd/na
Coronilla minima, Fabaceae
Nitrogen fixer
Glycyrrhiza glabra
Cultivated licorice/Liquirizia
Glycyrrhiza glabra, Fabaceae
HazardRootNitrogen fixer
Phaseolus coccineus
Runner bean/Fagiolo
Phaseolus coccineus, Fabaceae
SeedFlowerLeafNitrogen fixer
Pisum sativum
Common Pea/Pisello
Pisum sativum, Fabaceae
SeedLeafNitrogen fixer
Vicia faba
Fava bean/Fava
Vicia faba, Fabaceae
FruitNitrogen fixer
Galium verum
Lady's Bedstraw/Caglio zolfino
Galium verum, Rubiaceae
SeedLeaf
Clinopodium nepeta
Lesser Calamint/Mentuccia comune
Clinopodium nepeta, Lamiaceae
Leaf
Melissa officinalis
Lemon balm/Melissa vera
Melissa officinalis, Lamiaceae
Leaf
Mentha piperita citrata
Eau de Cologne Mint/Menta piperita - Citrata
Mentha piperita citrata, Lamiaceae
Leaf
Mentha spicata
Spearmint/Menta spicata
Mentha spicata, Lamiaceae
Leaf
Mentha suaveolens
Apple Mint/Menta a foglie tonde
Mentha suaveolens, Lamiaceae
Leaf
Ocimum basilicum
Sweet basil/Basilico - Minimum
Ocimum basilicum, Lamiaceae
SeedLeaf
Origanum vulgare
Oregano/Origano comune
Origanum vulgare, Lamiaceae
Leaf
Salvia elegans
Pineapple Sage/na
Salvia elegans, Lamiaceae
Salvia rosmarinus
Rosemary/Rosmarino
Salvia rosmarinus, Lamiaceae
Leaf
Salvia sclarea
Clary/Salvia moscatella
Salvia sclarea, Lamiaceae
FlowerLeaf
Thymus citriodorus
Lemon Thyme/Timo limone - Aureus
Thymus citriodorus, Lamiaceae
Leaf
Aloysia citrodora
Lemon verbena/Erba cedrina
Aloysia citrodora, Verbenaceae
Leaf
Verbena bonariensis
Purpletop vervain/na
Verbena bonariensis, Verbenaceae
Seed
Linum usitatissimum
Common flax/Lino comune
Linum usitatissimum, Linaceae
HazardSeed
Viola
Violets/Viole
Viola, Violaceae
Flower
Viola tricolor
Wild Pansy/Viola del pensiero
Viola tricolor, Violaceae
FlowerLeaf
Alcea rosea
Hollyhock/Malvarosa
Alcea rosea, Malvaceae
RootFlowerStemLeaf
Althaea officinalis
Marsh mallow/Bismalva
Althaea officinalis, Malvaceae
RootLeaf
Corydalis cava
Hollowroot/Colombina
Corydalis cava, Papaveraceae
Anemonoides nemorosa
Wood anemone/Anemone dei boschi
Anemonoides nemorosa, Ranunculaceae
Agrimonia eupatoria
Common agrimony/Agrimonia comune
Agrimonia eupatoria, Rosaceae
Seed
Filipendula ulmaria
Meadowsweet/Olmaria comune
Filipendula ulmaria, Rosaceae
RootFlowerLeaf
Fragaria vesca
Wild strawberry/Fragolina di bosco
Fragaria vesca, Rosaceae
FruitLeaf
Fragaria x ananassa
Garden strawberry/Fragola coltivata
Fragaria x ananassa, Rosaceae
FruitLeaf
Malus floribunda
Apples/Melo da fiore
Malus floribunda, Rosaceae
Fruit
Rubus pentalobus
Creeping Raspberry/na
Rubus pentalobus, Rosaceae
Fruit
Alkekengi officinarum
Japanese-lantern/Alchechengi
Alkekengi officinarum, Solanaceae
Fruit
Solanum tuberosum
Potato/Patata
Solanum tuberosum, Solanaceae
Root

Wild herbaceous plants

Allium vineale
Wild garlic/Aglio delle viti
Allium vineale, Amaryllidaceae
RootFlowerLeaf
Muscari neglectum
Grape hyacinth/Muscari ignorato
Muscari neglectum, Asparagaceae
Flower
Ornithogalum
Star-of-Bethlehem/Latte di gallina
Ornithogalum, Asparagaceae
Crocus biflorus
Silvery Crocus/Zafferano selvatico
Crocus biflorus, Iridaceae
Iris foetidissima
Stinking iris/Giaggiolo puzzolente
Iris foetidissima, Iridaceae
Himantoglossum adriaticum
Adriatic Lizard Orchid/Barbone adriatico
Himantoglossum adriaticum, Orchidaceae
Gagea lutea
Yellow Star-of-Bethlehem/Stella di Betlemme
Gagea lutea, Liliaceae
RootLeaf
Tulipa sylvestris
Wild Tulip/Tulipano selvatico
Tulipa sylvestris, Liliaceae
Alopecurus myosuroides
Black-grass/na
Alopecurus myosuroides, Poaceae
Alopecurus pratensis
Meadow Foxtail/na
Alopecurus pratensis, Poaceae
Avena
Oats/Avena
Avena, Poaceae
Bromus hordeaceus
Common soft brome/Forasacco peloso
Bromus hordeaceus, Poaceae
Dactylis
Cocks-foot and orchard grasses/na
Dactylis, Poaceae
Elymus repens
Quack Grass/na
Elymus repens, Poaceae
Lolium perenne
Perennial Ryegrass/na
Lolium perenne, Poaceae
Seed
Poa annua
Annual Meadow-grass/na
Poa annua, Poaceae
Sorghum halepense
Johnson grass/Sorgo selvatico
Sorghum halepense, Poaceae
Seed
Triticum
Wheats/na
Triticum, Poaceae
Torilis arvensis
Common hedge parsley/Lappolina canaria
Torilis arvensis, Apiaceae
Torilis nodosa
Knotted Hedgeparsley/Lappolina nodosa
Torilis nodosa, Apiaceae
Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow/Achillea millefoglie
Achillea millefolium, Asteraceae
HazardLeaf
Bellis perennis
Common daisy/Pratolina
Bellis perennis, Asteraceae
FlowerLeaf
Carduus pycnocephalus
Italian thistle/Cardo saettone
Carduus pycnocephalus, Asteraceae
Centaurea
Knapweeds/na
Centaurea, Asteraceae
Cichorium intybus
Chicory/Cicoria comune
Cichorium intybus, Asteraceae
RootFlowerLeaf
Cirsium
Thistles/na
Cirsium, Asteraceae
Cirsium vulgare
Bull thistle/Cardo asinino
Cirsium vulgare, Asteraceae
RootSeedFlowerStemLeaf
Crepis
Hawksbeard/Radicchielle
Crepis, Asteraceae
Crepis
Hawksbeard/Radicchielle
Crepis, Asteraceae
Crepis
Hawksbeard/Radicchielle
Crepis, Asteraceae
Crepis pulchra
Small-flower Hawk's-beard/na
Crepis pulchra, Asteraceae
Crepis sancta
nd/Radicchiella di Terrasanta
Crepis sancta, Asteraceae
Leaf
Crepis setosa
Bristly Hawk's-beard/na
Crepis setosa, Asteraceae
Crepis vesicaria
Beaked Hawksbeard/Radicchiella vescicosa
Crepis vesicaria, Asteraceae
Leaf
Erigeron
Fleabanes and Horseweeds/na
Erigeron, Asteraceae
Erigeron
Fleabanes and Horseweeds/na
Erigeron, Asteraceae
Erigeron annuus
Annual fleabane/Cespica annua
Erigeron annuus, Asteraceae
Leaf
Helminthotheca echioides
Bristly oxtongue/Aspraggine
Helminthotheca echioides, Asteraceae
Lactuca serriola
Prickly lettuce/na
Lactuca serriola, Asteraceae
HazardLeaf
Leucanthemum
nd/na
Leucanthemum, Asteraceae
Senecio vulgaris
Common groundsel/Senecione comune
Senecio vulgaris, Asteraceae
Sonchus
Sow thistles/
Sonchus, Asteraceae
Sonchus asper
Prickly sowthistle/Grespino spinoso
Sonchus asper, Asteraceae
StemLeaf
Sonchus oleraceus
Common Sow-thistle/Grespino comune
Sonchus oleraceus, Asteraceae
RootStemLeaf
Taraxacum officinale
Common dandelion/Tarassaco comune
Taraxacum officinale, Asteraceae
RootFlowerLeaf
Borago officinalis
Borage/Borragine
Borago officinalis, Boraginaceae
HazardFlowerLeaf
Echium vulgare
Viper's-bugloss/Viperina azzurra
Echium vulgare, Boraginaceae
Myosotis
Forget-me-nots/na
Myosotis, Boraginaceae
Myosotis arvensis
Field forget-me-not/Non ti scordar di me minore
Myosotis arvensis, Boraginaceae
Calepina irregularis
White Ball-mustard/na
Calepina irregularis, Brassicaceae
Capsella bursa-pastoris
Shepherd's-purse/Borsa del pastore
Capsella bursa-pastoris, Brassicaceae
SeedLeaf
Amaranthus deflexus
Prostrate Amaranth/Amaranto
Amaranthus deflexus, Amaranthaceae
Seed
Chenopodium album
Common lamb's-quarters/Farinello comune
Chenopodium album, Amaranthaceae
HazardSeedFlowerLeaf
Silene latifolia
White campion/Silene bianca
Silene latifolia, Caryophyllaceae
Stellaria media
Common chickweed/Centocchio comune
Stellaria media, Caryophyllaceae
HazardSeedLeaf
Polygonum aviculare
Prostrate knotweed/Erba curzola
Polygonum aviculare, Polygonaceae
HazardSeedLeaf
Rumex
Docks/Romici
Rumex, Polygonaceae
Portulaca oleracea
Common purslane/Portulaca
Portulaca oleracea, Portulacaceae
SeedLeaf
Medicago sativa
Alfalfa/erba medica
Medicago sativa, Fabaceae
HazardSeedLeafNitrogen fixer
Trifolium pratense
Red clover/Trifoglio rosso
Trifolium pratense, Fabaceae
HazardRootSeedFlowerLeafNitrogen fixer
Cruciata laevipes
Crosswort/Crocettona comune
Cruciata laevipes, Rubiaceae
Leaf
Galium aparine
Catchweed bedstraw/Attaccamani
Galium aparine, Rubiaceae
Leaf
Sherardia arvensis
Field madder/na
Sherardia arvensis, Rubiaceae
Erodium cicutarium
Common stork's-bill/Cicutaria
Erodium cicutarium, Geraniaceae
StemLeaf
Geranium
Geraniums and cranesbills/na
Geranium, Geraniaceae
Geranium dissectum
Cut-leaved crane's-bill/Geranio a foglie sette
Geranium dissectum, Geraniaceae
Root
Geranium molle
Dove's-foot crane's-bill/Geranio molle
Geranium molle, Geraniaceae
Geranium rotundifolium
Round-leaved Crane's-bill/Geranio malvaccino
Geranium rotundifolium, Geraniaceae
Ballota nigra
Black horehound/Marrubio selvatico
Ballota nigra, Lamiaceae
Clinopodium menthifolium
Wood Calamint/na
Clinopodium menthifolium, Lamiaceae
Lamium purpureum
Red deadnettle/Falsa ortica purpurea
Lamium purpureum, Lamiaceae
Leaf
Leonurus quinquelobatus
nd/na
Leonurus quinquelobatus, Lamiaceae
Phelipanche ramosa
Hemp broomrape/na
Phelipanche ramosa, Orobanchaceae
Veronica persica
Bird's-eye speedwell/Veronica comune
Veronica persica, Plantaginaceae
Verbena officinalis
Common vervain/Verbena comune
Verbena officinalis, Verbenaceae
FlowerLeaf
Euphorbia helioscopia
Sun spurge/Euforbia calenzuola
Euphorbia helioscopia, Euphorbiaceae
Helioscopia
nd/na
Helioscopia, Euphorbiaceae
Viola odorata
Sweet violet/Viola Mammola
Viola odorata, Violaceae
FlowerLeaf
Malva sylvestris
Common Mallow/Malva selvatica
Malva sylvestris, Malvaceae
SeedFlowerLeaf
Oxalis
Woodsorrels/na
Oxalis, Oxalidaceae
Oxalis stricta
Upright yellow woodsorrel/Acetosella minore
Oxalis stricta, Oxalidaceae
HazardRootFlowerLeaf
Fumaria officinalis
Common Fumitory/Erba fumaria
Fumaria officinalis, Papaveraceae
Papaver rhoeas
Common poppy/Papavero
Papaver rhoeas, Papaveraceae
Seed
Clematis
Clematis/Clematidi
Clematis, Ranunculaceae
Ficaria verna
Lesser celandine/Ranuncolo favagello
Ficaria verna, Ranunculaceae
Ranunculus arvensis
Corn buttercup/na
Ranunculus arvensis, Ranunculaceae
Ranunculus lanuginosus
Woolly Buttercup/na
Ranunculus lanuginosus, Ranunculaceae
Ranunculus neapolitanus
nd/na
Ranunculus neapolitanus, Ranunculaceae
Ranunculus parviflorus
Small-flowered buttercup/na
Ranunculus parviflorus, Ranunculaceae
Potentilla
Cinquefoils/Cinquefoglie
Potentilla, Rosaceae
Potentilla reptans
Creeping cinquefoil/Cinquefoglia comune
Potentilla reptans, Rosaceae
Leaf
Rubus
Brambles/Rovo
Rubus, Rosaceae
Sanguisorba minor
Salad Burnet/Salvastrella minore
Sanguisorba minor, Rosaceae
Leaf
Urtica dioica
Stinging nettle/Ortica
Urtica dioica, Urticaceae
Leaf
Convolvulus arvensis
Field bindweed/Convolvolo
Convolvulus arvensis, Convolvulaceae
Solanum nigrum
Black nightshade/Morella comune
Solanum nigrum, Solanaceae

Mushrooms

Fungi
Fungi Including Lichens/Funghi e Licheni
Fungi,
Fungi
Fungi Including Lichens/Funghi e Licheni
Fungi,
Ascomycota
Ascomycete Fungi/na
Ascomycota,
Pezizales
nd/na
Pezizales,
Pezizaceae
Pezizas, Desert Truffles, and Allies/na
Pezizaceae, Pezizaceae
Basidiomycota
Basidiomycete Fungi/Basidiomiceti
Basidiomycota,
Basidiomycota
Basidiomycete Fungi/Basidiomiceti
Basidiomycota,
Basidiomycota
Basidiomycete Fungi/Basidiomiceti
Basidiomycota,
Agaricales
Common Gilled Mushrooms and Allies/na
Agaricales,
Agaricineae
nd/na
Agaricineae,
Cyclocybe aegerita
nd/Pioppino
Cyclocybe aegerita,
Hemimycena mairei
Fanvault bonnet/na
Hemimycena mairei,
Leucoagaricus leucothites
White Dapperling/na
Leucoagaricus leucothites, Agaricaceae
Lepista sordida
Sordid blewit/na
Lepista sordida, Clitocybaceae
Flammula alnicola
Alder scalycap/na
Flammula alnicola, Hymenogastraceae
Tephrocybe
Greylings/na
Tephrocybe, Lyophyllaceae
Crucibulum laeve
Common bird's nest fungus/na
Crucibulum laeve, Nidulariaceae
Cyathus olla
Field bird's nest fungus/na
Cyathus olla, Nidulariaceae
Volvopluteus gloiocephalus
Stubble Rosegill/na
Volvopluteus gloiocephalus, Pluteaceae
Candolleomyces candolleanus
Pale Brittlestem/na
Candolleomyces candolleanus, Psathyrellaceae
Lacrymaria lacrymabunda
Weeping widow/na
Lacrymaria lacrymabunda, Psathyrellaceae
Parasola
nd/na
Parasola, Psathyrellaceae
Psathyrella
Brittlestems/na
Psathyrella, Psathyrellaceae
Schizophyllum commune
Splitgill mushroom/Fungo del Legno Comune
Schizophyllum commune, Schizophyllaceae
Hypholoma fasciculare
Sulphur Tuft/na
Hypholoma fasciculare, Strophariaceae
Lepiota
nd/na
Lepiota, Verrucosporaceae
Lepiota pseudolilacea
nd/na
Lepiota pseudolilacea, Verrucosporaceae
Auricularia auricula-judae
Jelly Ear/na
Auricularia auricula-judae, Auriculariaceae
Auricularia mesenterica
Tripe Fungus/na
Auricularia mesenterica, Auriculariaceae
Polyporaceae
Bracket fungi/na
Polyporaceae, Polyporaceae
Daedaleopsis
nd/na
Daedaleopsis, Polyporaceae
Trametes versicolor
Turkey-tail/na
Trametes versicolor, Polyporaceae
Trametes warnieri
nd/na
Trametes warnieri, Polyporaceae
Tremella mesenterica
Witch's butter/na
Tremella mesenterica, Tremellaceae

Insects

Coleoptera

Scarabaeoidea
Scarabs, Stag Beetles and Allies/na
Scarabaeoidea,
Byctiscus betulae
nd/Sigaraio della vite
Byctiscus betulae, Attelabidae
Byctiscus populi
nd/na
Byctiscus populi, Attelabidae
Capnodis tenebrionis
Flat-headed Root-borer/na
Capnodis tenebrionis, Buprestidae
Rhagonycha fulva
Common Red Soldier Beetle/na
Rhagonycha fulva, Cantharidae
Carabidae
Ground Beetles/na
Carabidae, Carabidae
Acinopus picipes
nd/na
Acinopus picipes, Carabidae
Gynandromorphus etruscus
nd/na
Gynandromorphus etruscus, Carabidae
Harpalus dimidiatus
nd/na
Harpalus dimidiatus, Carabidae
Agapanthia
nd/na
Agapanthia, Cerambycidae
Agapanthia cardui
nd/na
Agapanthia cardui, Cerambycidae
Agapanthia dahli malmerendii
nd/na
Agapanthia dahli malmerendii, Cerambycidae
Chlorophorus sartor
nd/na
Chlorophorus sartor, Cerambycidae
Chlorophorus varius
nd/na
Chlorophorus varius, Cerambycidae
Grammoptera ruficornis
nd/na
Grammoptera ruficornis, Cerambycidae
Stenopterus ater
nd/na
Stenopterus ater, Cerambycidae
Stenurella bifasciata
nd/na
Stenurella bifasciata, Cerambycidae
Stictoleptura cordigera
nd/na
Stictoleptura cordigera, Cerambycidae
Altica
Metallic Flea Beetles/na
Altica, Chrysomelidae
Chrysolina americana
Rosemary Beetle/na
Chrysolina americana, Chrysomelidae
Cryptocephalus
nd/na
Cryptocephalus, Chrysomelidae
Gonioctena fornicata
nd/na
Gonioctena fornicata, Chrysomelidae
Lachnaia italica
nd/na
Lachnaia italica, Chrysomelidae
Podagrica malvae
nd/na
Podagrica malvae, Chrysomelidae
Trichodes apiarius
nd/na
Trichodes apiarius, Cleridae
Coccinellidae
Lady Beetles/Coccinelle
Coccinellidae, Coccinellidae
Chilocorus renipustulatus
Kidney-spot Ladybird/na
Chilocorus renipustulatus, Coccinellidae
Harmonia axyridis
Asian Lady Beetle/Coccinella Arlecchino
Harmonia axyridis, Coccinellidae
Hippodamia undecimnotata
nd/na
Hippodamia undecimnotata, Coccinellidae
Hippodamia variegata
Variegated Lady Beetle/na
Hippodamia variegata, Coccinellidae
Oenopia conglobata
Poplar Ladybird Beetle/na
Oenopia conglobata, Coccinellidae
Propylea quatuordecimpunctata
Fourteen-spotted Lady Beetle/na
Propylea quatuordecimpunctata, Coccinellidae
Psyllobora vigintiduopunctata
22-spot Ladybird Beetle/na
Psyllobora vigintiduopunctata, Coccinellidae
Larinus
nd/na
Larinus, Curculionidae
Phyllobius oblongus
Brown Leaf Weevil/na
Phyllobius oblongus, Curculionidae
Anthrenus verbasci
Varied Carpet Beetle/Coleottero dei tappeti
Anthrenus verbasci, Dermestidae
Lacon punctatus
nd/na
Lacon punctatus, Elateridae
Luciola
nd/na
Luciola, Lampyridae
Cordylepherus viridis
nd/na
Cordylepherus viridis, Melyridae
Mordellidae
Tumbling Flower Beetles/na
Mordellidae, Mordellidae
Oedemeridae
False Blister Beetles/na
Oedemeridae, Oedemeridae
Oedemera nobilis
Thick-legged Flower Beetle/na
Oedemera nobilis, Oedemeridae
Melolonthinae
June Beetles/na
Melolonthinae, Scarabaeidae
Amphimallon
Summer Chafers/na
Amphimallon, Scarabaeidae
Cetonia aurata
European Rose Chafer/Cetonia dorata
Cetonia aurata, Scarabaeidae
Cetonia aurata pisana
nd/na
Cetonia aurata pisana, Scarabaeidae
Oxythyrea funesta
Mediterranean Spotted Chafer/Cetoniella
Oxythyrea funesta, Scarabaeidae
Pentodon bidens punctatus
nd/na
Pentodon bidens punctatus, Scarabaeidae
Protaetia
nd/na
Protaetia, Scarabaeidae
Protaetia morio
Speckled Rose Chafer/na
Protaetia morio, Scarabaeidae
Valgus hemipterus
nd/na
Valgus hemipterus, Scarabaeidae
Staphylinidae
Rove Beetles/na
Staphylinidae, Staphylinidae
Oxyporus rufus
nd/na
Oxyporus rufus, Staphylinidae
Paederus
Whiplash Beetles/na
Paederus, Staphylinidae
Tachyporus
nd/na
Tachyporus, Staphylinidae

Diptera

Diptera
Flies/Ditteri
Diptera,
Tipuloidea
Typical Crane Flies/na
Tipuloidea,
Villa
nd/na
Villa, Bombyliidae
Villa
nd/na
Villa, Bombyliidae
Myopa
nd/na
Myopa, Conopidae
Empididae
Dance Flies/na
Empididae, Empididae
Empididae
Dance Flies/na
Empididae, Empididae
Empididae
Dance Flies/na
Empididae, Empididae
Geomyza tripunctata
Cereal Fly/na
Geomyza tripunctata, Opomyzidae
Stomorhina lunata
Locust Blowfly/na
Stomorhina lunata, Rhiniidae
Rhinophoridae
Woodlouse Flies/na
Rhinophoridae, Rhinophoridae
Sarcophaginae
nd/na
Sarcophaginae, Sarcophagidae
Scathophaga stercoraria
Yellow Dung Fly/Mosca stercoraria
Scathophaga stercoraria, Scathophagidae
Scatopsidae
Minute Black Scavenger Flies/na
Scatopsidae, Scatopsidae
Pherbellia cinerella
nd/na
Pherbellia cinerella, Sciomyzidae
Trypetoptera punctulata
nd/na
Trypetoptera punctulata, Sciomyzidae
Sepsis
nd/na
Sepsis, Sepsidae
Chloromyia formosa
Broad Centurion Fly/na
Chloromyia formosa, Stratiomyidae
Syrphidae
Hover Flies/Sirfidi
Syrphidae, Syrphidae
Chrysotoxum
nd/na
Chrysotoxum, Syrphidae
Chrysotoxum
nd/na
Chrysotoxum, Syrphidae
Chrysotoxum cautum
nd/na
Chrysotoxum cautum, Syrphidae
Episyrphus balteatus
Marmalade Hover Fly/na
Episyrphus balteatus, Syrphidae
Eristalinus aeneus
Common Lagoon Fly/na
Eristalinus aeneus, Syrphidae
Eristalinus taeniops
Stripe-eyed Lagoon Fly/Mosca tigre
Eristalinus taeniops, Syrphidae
Eristalis
Rat-tailed Maggots/na
Eristalis, Syrphidae
Eristalis
Rat-tailed Maggots/na
Eristalis, Syrphidae
Eristalis tenax
Common Drone Fly/na
Eristalis tenax, Syrphidae
Eupeodes corollae
Migrant Hover Fly/na
Eupeodes corollae, Syrphidae
Helophilus pendulus
Sun Fly/na
Helophilus pendulus, Syrphidae
Myathropa florea
Yellow-haired Sun Fly/Sirfide Batman
Myathropa florea, Syrphidae
Sphaerophoria scripta
Long Hover Fly/na
Sphaerophoria scripta, Syrphidae
Syrphus
Common Hover Flies/na
Syrphus, Syrphidae
Phasiinae
nd/na
Phasiinae, Tachinidae
Cylindromyia
nd/na
Cylindromyia, Tachinidae
Ectophasia crassipennis
nd/na
Ectophasia crassipennis, Tachinidae
Trichopoda pennipes
Swift Feather-legged Fly/na
Trichopoda pennipes, Tachinidae
Terellia longicauda
Woolly Thistle Fly/na
Terellia longicauda, Tephritidae
Tipula
nd/na
Tipula, Tipulidae
Physiphora alceae
nd/na
Physiphora alceae, Ulidiidae

Hemiptera

Coccoidea
Scale Insects/na
Coccoidea,
Hemiptera
True Bugs, Hoppers, Aphids, and Allies/na
Hemiptera,
Camptopus lateralis
nd/na
Camptopus lateralis, Alydidae
Aphididae
Aphids/na
Aphididae, Aphididae
Eriosoma lanuginosum
nd/Afide galligeno maggiore dell'olmo
Eriosoma lanuginosum, Aphididae
Cercopis vulnerata
Common Froghopper/na
Cercopis vulnerata, Cercopidae
Cicadinae
Translucent Cicadas/na
Cicadinae, Cicadidae
Cicada orni
Ash Cicada/Cicala del frassino
Cicada orni, Cicadidae
Reptalus
nd/na
Reptalus, Cixiidae
Centrocoris spiniger
nd/na
Centrocoris spiniger, Coreidae
Coreus marginatus
Dock Bug/Coreide marginato
Coreus marginatus, Coreidae
Dictyopharidae
Dictyopharid Planthoppers/na
Dictyopharidae, Dictyopharidae
Dictyopharidae
Dictyopharid Planthoppers/na
Dictyopharidae, Dictyopharidae
Metcalfa pruinosa
Citrus Flatid Planthopper/na
Metcalfa pruinosa, Flatidae
Lygaeus equestris
Black-and-Red Bug/na
Lygaeus equestris, Lygaeidae
Nysius
nd/na
Nysius, Lygaeidae
Stictocephala bisonia
Buffalo Treehopper/na
Stictocephala bisonia, Membracidae
Adelphocoris lineolatus
Alfalfa Plant Bug/na
Adelphocoris lineolatus, Miridae
Deraeocoris ruber
nd/na
Deraeocoris ruber, Miridae
Megaloceroea
nd/na
Megaloceroea, Miridae
Taylorilygus apicalis
Broken-backed Bug/na
Taylorilygus apicalis, Miridae
Himacerus mirmicoides
Ant Damselbug/na
Himacerus mirmicoides, Nabidae
Nabis ferus
nd/na
Nabis ferus, Nabidae
Aelia rostrata
nd/na
Aelia rostrata, Pentatomidae
Ancyrosoma leucogrammes
nd/na
Ancyrosoma leucogrammes, Pentatomidae
Carpocoris purpureipennis
Black-shouldered Shieldbug/na
Carpocoris purpureipennis, Pentatomidae
Dolycoris baccarum
Sloe Bug/na
Dolycoris baccarum, Pentatomidae
Eurydema oleracea
Cabbage Bug/na
Eurydema oleracea, Pentatomidae
Eurydema ornata
Red cabbage bug/na
Eurydema ornata, Pentatomidae
Graphosoma italicum italicum
nd/na
Graphosoma italicum italicum, Pentatomidae
Nezara viridula
Southern Green Stink Bug/Cimice verde
Nezara viridula, Pentatomidae
Palomena prasina
Green Shield Bug/na
Palomena prasina, Pentatomidae
Piezodorus lituratus
Gorse Shield Bug/na
Piezodorus lituratus, Pentatomidae
Pyrrhocoris apterus
European Firebug/Cimice rosso-nera
Pyrrhocoris apterus, Pyrrhocoridae
Rhynocoris rubricus
nd/na
Rhynocoris rubricus, Reduviidae
Rhopalidae
Scentless Plant Bugs/na
Rhopalidae, Rhopalidae
Raglius alboacuminatus
nd/na
Raglius alboacuminatus, Rhyparochromidae
Stephanitis pyri
Pear Lace Bug/na
Stephanitis pyri, Tingidae

Hymenoptera

Anthophila
Bees/Api
Anthophila,
Anthophila
Bees/Api
Anthophila,
Hymenoptera
Ants, Bees, Wasps, and Sawflies/Imenotteri
Hymenoptera,
Hymenoptera
Ants, Bees, Wasps, and Sawflies/Imenotteri
Hymenoptera,
Andrena
nd/na
Andrena, Andrenidae
Andrena fulva
Tawny Mining Bee/na
Andrena fulva, Andrenidae
Anthophora
Common Digger Bees/na
Anthophora, Apidae
Anthophora plumipes
Hairy-footed Digger Bee/na
Anthophora plumipes, Apidae
Apis mellifera
Western Honey Bee/Ape europea
Apis mellifera, Apidae
Bombus
Bumble Bees/na
Bombus, Apidae
Bombus
nd/Bombo
Bombus, Apidae
Bombus
nd/Bombo
Bombus, Apidae
Bombus pascuorum
Common Carder Bumble Bee/na
Bombus pascuorum, Apidae
Bombus ruderatus
Large Garden Bumble Bee/na
Bombus ruderatus, Apidae
Eucera
nd/na
Eucera, Apidae
Eucera
nd/na
Eucera, Apidae
Melecta luctuosa
Square-spotted Mourning Bee/na
Melecta luctuosa, Apidae
Xylocopa
nd/na
Xylocopa, Apidae
Xylocopa violacea
Violet Carpenter Bee/Ape legnaiola
Xylocopa violacea, Apidae
Arge pagana
Large Rose Sawfly/na
Arge pagana, Argidae
Chrysis cerastes
nd/na
Chrysis cerastes, Chrysididae
Chrysis scutellaris
nd/na
Chrysis scutellaris, Chrysididae
Bembix oculata
nd/na
Bembix oculata, Crabronidae
Cerceris sabulosa
nd/na
Cerceris sabulosa, Crabronidae
Gorytes
nd/na
Gorytes, Crabronidae
Philanthus triangulum
European beewolf/na
Philanthus triangulum, Crabronidae
Camponotus
Carpenter and Sugar Ants/na
Camponotus, Formicidae
Crematogaster scutellaris
Mediterranean Acrobat Ant/Formica testa rossa
Crematogaster scutellaris, Formicidae
Lasius
Citronella Ants/na
Lasius, Formicidae
Halictus scabiosae
Great Banded Furrow Bee/na
Halictus scabiosae, Halictidae
Lasioglossum
nd/na
Lasioglossum, Halictidae
Lasioglossum
nd/na
Lasioglossum, Halictidae
Sphecodes
Blood Bees/na
Sphecodes, Halictidae
Ichneumonidae
Ichneumonid Wasps/na
Ichneumonidae, Ichneumonidae
Ichneumonidae
Ichneumonid Wasps/na
Ichneumonidae, Ichneumonidae
Ichneumon sarcitorius
nd/na
Ichneumon sarcitorius, Ichneumonidae
Osmiini
nd/na
Osmiini, Megachilidae
Megachile
Leafcutter, Mortar, and Resin Bees/na
Megachile, Megachilidae
Megachile
Leafcutter, Mortar, and Resin Bees/na
Megachile, Megachilidae
Xanthosarus
nd/na
Xanthosarus, Megachilidae
Osmia
nd/na
Osmia, Megachilidae
Osmia
nd/na
Osmia, Megachilidae
Osmia
Mason Bees/na
Osmia, Megachilidae
Osmia cornuta
European Orchard Bee/na
Osmia cornuta, Megachilidae
Stelis signata
nd/na
Stelis signata, Megachilidae
Auplopus
nd/na
Auplopus, Pompilidae
Scolia hirta hirta
nd/na
Scolia hirta hirta, Scoliidae
Chalybion
Blue Mud-dauber Wasps/na
Chalybion, Sphecidae
Chalybion bengalense
Oriental Mud-dauber Wasp/na
Chalybion bengalense, Sphecidae
Isodontia mexicana
Mexican Grass-carrying Wasp/na
Isodontia mexicana, Sphecidae
Sphex funerarius
Golden Digger Wasp/na
Sphex funerarius, Sphecidae
Tenthredinidae
Common Sawflies/na
Tenthredinidae, Tenthredinidae
Tenthredinidae
Common Sawflies/na
Tenthredinidae, Tenthredinidae
Tenthredininae
nd/na
Tenthredininae, Tenthredinidae
Athalia
nd/na
Athalia, Tenthredinidae
Dolerus
nd/na
Dolerus, Tenthredinidae
Eumeninae
Potter and Mason Wasps/Vespe vasaie
Eumeninae, Vespidae
Eumeninae
Potter and Mason Wasps/Vespe vasaie
Eumeninae, Vespidae
Eumeninae
Potter and Mason Wasps/Vespe vasaie
Eumeninae, Vespidae
Eumenes
nd/na
Eumenes, Vespidae
Polistes
Dominula-group Paper Wasps/na
Polistes, Vespidae
Polistes
Umbrella Paper Wasps/Vespe della carta
Polistes, Vespidae
Polistes gallicus
French Paper Wasp/na
Polistes gallicus, Vespidae
Vespa crabro
European Hornet/Calabrone europeo
Vespa crabro, Vespidae
Vespula germanica
German Yellowjacket/na
Vespula germanica, Vespidae

Lepidoptera

Lepidoptera
Butterflies and Moths/Farfalle e Falene
Lepidoptera,
Lepidoptera
Butterflies and Moths/Farfalle e Falene
Lepidoptera,
Lepidoptera
Butterflies and Moths/Farfalle e Falene
Lepidoptera,
Pyraustini
nd/na
Pyraustini, Crambidae
Sitochroa palealis
Carrot Seed Moth/na
Sitochroa palealis, Crambidae
Erebidae
Underwing, Tiger, Tussock, and Allied Moths/na
Erebidae, Erebidae
Ascotis selenaria
Citrus-looper/na
Ascotis selenaria, Geometridae
Chiasmia clathrata
Latticed Heath/na
Chiasmia clathrata, Geometridae
Triodia sylvina
Orange Swift/na
Triodia sylvina, Hepialidae
Carcharodus alceae
Mallow Skipper/Alcea
Carcharodus alceae, Hesperiidae
Ochlodes sylvanus
Large Skipper/Silvano
Ochlodes sylvanus, Hesperiidae
Lycaenidae
Gossamer-winged Butterflies/Licenidi
Lycaenidae, Lycaenidae
Lycaenidae
Gossamer-winged Butterflies/Licenidi
Lycaenidae, Lycaenidae
Aricia agestis
Brown Argus/na
Aricia agestis, Lycaenidae
Cacyreus marshalli
Common Geranium-bronze/Farfallina dei gerani
Cacyreus marshalli, Lycaenidae
Leptotes pirithous
Lang's Short-tailed Blue/Licenide zebra
Leptotes pirithous, Lycaenidae
Lycaena phlaeas
Small Copper/Argo bronzeo
Lycaena phlaeas, Lycaenidae
Lycaena tityrus
Sooty Copper/Titiro
Lycaena tityrus, Lycaenidae
Polyommatus icarus
Common Blue/Argo azzurro
Polyommatus icarus, Lycaenidae
Acontia lucida
Pale Shoulder/na
Acontia lucida, Noctuidae
Acontia trabealis
Spotted Sulphur/na
Acontia trabealis, Noctuidae
Acronicta rumicis
Knot Grass Moth/na
Acronicta rumicis, Noctuidae
Agrochola lychnidis
Beaded Chestnut/na
Agrochola lychnidis, Noctuidae
Aporophyla lutulenta
Deep-brown Dart/na
Aporophyla lutulenta, Noctuidae
Helicoverpa armigera
Cotton Bollworm Moth/na
Helicoverpa armigera, Noctuidae
Oligia
nd/na
Oligia, Noctuidae
Xestia
nd/na
Xestia, Noctuidae
Aglais io
European Peacock Butterfly/Occhio di pavone
Aglais io, Nymphalidae
Brintesia circe
Great Banded Grayling/na
Brintesia circe, Nymphalidae
Coenonympha pamphilus
Small Heath/Panfila
Coenonympha pamphilus, Nymphalidae
Lasiommata megera
Wall Brown/Megera
Lasiommata megera, Nymphalidae
Melitaea
nd/na
Melitaea, Nymphalidae
Melitaea
nd/na
Melitaea, Nymphalidae
Melitaea didyma
Spotted Fritillary/Didima
Melitaea didyma, Nymphalidae
Melitaea phoebe
Knapweed Fritillary/Farfalla di Fiordaliso
Melitaea phoebe, Nymphalidae
Pararge aegeria
Speckled Wood/Egeria
Pararge aegeria, Nymphalidae
Vanessa cardui
Painted Lady/Vanessa del cardo
Vanessa cardui, Nymphalidae
Iphiclides podalirius
Scarce Swallowtail/Podalirio
Iphiclides podalirius, Papilionidae
Papilio machaon
Old World Swallowtail/Macaone
Papilio machaon, Papilionidae
Colias croceus
Clouded Yellow/Crocea
Colias croceus, Pieridae
Pieris rapae
Cabbage White/Cavolaia minore
Pieris rapae, Pieridae
Pterophorus pentadactyla
White Plume Moth/na
Pterophorus pentadactyla, Pterophoridae
Chamaesphecia aerifrons
nd/na
Chamaesphecia aerifrons, Sesiidae
Pyropteron chrysidiforme
Fiery Clearwing/na
Pyropteron chrysidiforme, Sesiidae
Tinthia tineiformis
nd/na
Tinthia tineiformis, Sesiidae
Macroglossum stellatarum
Eurasian Hummingbird Hawkmoth/Sfinge colibrì
Macroglossum stellatarum, Sphingidae
Zygaena filipendulae
Six-spot Burnet/Zigena della filipendula
Zygaena filipendulae, Zygaenidae

Ortopthera

Anacridium aegyptium
Egyptian Locust/Locusta egiziana
Anacridium aegyptium, Acrididae
Calliptamus
nd/na
Calliptamus, Acrididae
Glyptobothrus
nd/na
Glyptobothrus, Acrididae
Pezotettix giornae
Common Maquis Grasshopper/na
Pezotettix giornae, Acrididae
Platycleidini
nd/na
Platycleidini, Tettigoniidae
Eupholidoptera
Marbled Bush-crickets/na
Eupholidoptera, Tettigoniidae
Phaneroptera nana
Mediterranean Katydid/na
Phaneroptera nana, Tettigoniidae
Ruspolia nitidula
Large Conehead/na
Ruspolia nitidula, Tettigoniidae
Tettigonia viridissima
Great Green Bush-cricket/Grillo dei cespugli verde
Tettigonia viridissima, Tettigoniidae

Other orders

Hierodula
Giant Asian Mantises/na
Hierodula, Mantidae
Hierodula
Giant Asian Mantises/na
Hierodula, Mantidae
Hierodula
Giant Asian Mantises/na
Hierodula, Mantidae
Hierodula
Giant Asian Mantises/na
Hierodula, Mantidae
Mantis religiosa
European Mantis/Mantide religiosa
Mantis religiosa, Mantidae
Chrysopidae
Green Lacewings/na
Chrysopidae, Chrysopidae
Pseudomallada
nd/na
Pseudomallada, Chrysopidae
Sympecma fusca
Common Winter Damselfly/Invernina comune
Sympecma fusca, Lestidae

Other arthropds

Geophilomorpha
Soil Centipedes/na
Geophilomorpha,
Onychiurinae
nd/na
Onychiurinae, Onychiuridae
Armadillidium nasatum
Nosy Pill Woodlouse/na
Armadillidium nasatum, Armadillidiidae

Spiders

Agelenidae
Funnel Weavers/na
Agelenidae, Agelenidae
Agalenatea redii
Gorse Orbweaver/na
Agalenatea redii, Araneidae
Araneus
Angulate and Roundshouldered Orbweavers/na
Araneus, Araneidae
Mangora acalypha
Cricket-bat Orbweaver/na
Mangora acalypha, Araneidae
Dysdera
nd/na
Dysdera, Dysderidae
Linyphiidae
Sheetweb and Dwarf Weavers/na
Linyphiidae, Linyphiidae
Linyphiidae
Sheetweb and Dwarf Weavers/na
Linyphiidae, Linyphiidae
Frontinellina frutetorum
nd/na
Frontinellina frutetorum, Linyphiidae
Hogna radiata
Radiated Wolf Spider/Falsa tarantola
Hogna radiata, Lycosidae
Pardosa
Thin-legged Wolf Spiders/na
Pardosa, Lycosidae
Philodromidae
Running Crab Spiders/na
Philodromidae, Philodromidae
Holocnemus pluchei
Marbled Cellar Spider/Ragno zampelunghe
Holocnemus pluchei, Pholcidae
Pisaura
nd/na
Pisaura, Pisauridae
Pisaura
nd/na
Pisaura, Pisauridae
Pisaura
nd/na
Pisaura, Pisauridae
Pisaura mirabilis
European Nursery Web spider/na
Pisaura mirabilis, Pisauridae
Evarcha arcuata
nd/na
Evarcha arcuata, Salticidae
Heliophanus
Sun Jumping Spiders/na
Heliophanus, Salticidae
Heliophanus
Sun Jumping Spiders/na
Heliophanus, Salticidae
Icius
nd/na
Icius, Salticidae
Menemerus semilimbatus
nd/Ragno saltatore muraiolo
Menemerus semilimbatus, Salticidae
Philaeus chrysops
Red-bellied Jumping Spider/Ragno saltatore sanguigno
Philaeus chrysops, Salticidae
Steatoda triangulosa
Triangulate Combfoot/na
Steatoda triangulosa, Theridiidae
Thomisidae
Crab Spiders/na
Thomisidae, Thomisidae
Thomisidae
Crab Spiders/na
Thomisidae, Thomisidae
Heriaeus hirtus
nd/na
Heriaeus hirtus, Thomisidae
Misumena vatia
Goldenrod Crab Spider/na
Misumena vatia, Thomisidae
Pistius truncatus
nd/na
Pistius truncatus, Thomisidae
Runcinia grammica
nd/na
Runcinia grammica, Thomisidae
Synema globosum
Napoleon Spider/Ragno napoleone
Synema globosum, Thomisidae
Thomisus onustus
Pink Crab Spider/Ragno camaleonte
Thomisus onustus, Thomisidae
Xysticus
Ground Crab Spiders/na
Xysticus, Thomisidae
Xysticus
Ground Crab Spiders/na
Xysticus, Thomisidae
Odiellus
nd/na
Odiellus, Phalangiidae
Opilio canestrinii
Canestrini's Harvestman/na
Opilio canestrinii, Phalangiidae

Birds

Accipiter nisus
Sparviere (Eurasian sparrowhawk)
Accipiter nisus, Accipitridae
Buteo buteo
Poiana (Common buzzard)
Buteo buteo, Accipitridae
Circus cyaneus
Albanella reale (Northern harrier i)
Circus cyaneus, Accipitridae
Apus apus
Rondone comune (Common swift)
Apus apus, Apodidae
Columba livia
Piccione domestico (Rock pigeon)
Columba livia, Columbidae
Columba palumbus
Colombaccio (Common wood pigeon)
Columba palumbus, Columbidae
Streptopelia decaocto
Tortora dal collare (Eurasian collared dove)
Streptopelia decaocto, Columbidae
Streptopelia turtur
Tortora comune ( European turtle dove)
Streptopelia turtur, Columbidae
Coloeus monedula
Taccola (Western jackdaw)
Coloeus monedula, Corvidae
Corvus cornix
Cornacchia grigia (Hooded crow)
Corvus cornix, Corvidae
Corvus frugilegus
Corvo comune (Rook)
Corvus frugilegus, Corvidae
Garrulus glandarius
Ghiandaia (Eurasian jay)
Garrulus glandarius, Corvidae
Pica pica
Gazza (Eurasian magpie)
Pica pica, Corvidae
Cuculus canorus
Cuculo (Common cuckoo)
Cuculus canorus, Cuculidae
Falco peregrinus
Falco pellegrino (Peregrine flacon)
Falco peregrinus, Falconidae
Falco subbuteo
Lodolaio (Hobby)
Falco subbuteo, Falconidae
Falco tinnunculus
Gheppio comune (Common kestrel)
Falco tinnunculus, Falconidae
Carduelis carduelis
Cardellino (European goldfinch)
Carduelis carduelis, Fringillidae
Chloris chloris
Verdone (European greenfinch)
Chloris chloris, Fringillidae
Coccothraustes coccothraustes
Frosone (Hawfinch)
Coccothraustes coccothraustes, Fringillidae
Fringilla coelebs
Fringuello (Common chaffinch)
Fringilla coelebs, Fringillidae
Serinus serinus
Verzellino (European serin)
Serinus serinus, Fringillidae
Grus grus
Gru cenerina (Common crane)
Grus grus, Gruidae
Delichon urbicum
Balestruccio (Common house martin)
Delichon urbicum, Hirundinidae
Hirundo rustica
Rondine (Barn swallow)
Hirundo rustica, Hirundinidae
Merops apiaster
Gruccione (European bee-eater)
Merops apiaster, Meropidae
Motacilla alba
Ballerina bianca (White wagtail)
Motacilla alba, Motacillidae
Motacilla cinerea
Ballerina gialla (Grey wagtail)
Motacilla cinerea, Motacillidae
Motacilla flava
Cutrettola (Western yellow wagtail)
Motacilla flava, Motacillidae
Erithacus rubecula
Pettirosso (European robin)
Erithacus rubecula, Muscicapidae
Luscinia megarhynchos
Usignolo (Common nightingale)
Luscinia megarhynchos, Muscicapidae
Phoenicurus ochruros
Codirosso spazzacamino (Black redstart)
Phoenicurus ochruros, Muscicapidae
Phoenicurus phoenicurus
Codirosso comune (Common redstart)
Phoenicurus phoenicurus, Muscicapidae
Cyanistes caeruleus
Cinciarella (Eurasian blue tit)
Cyanistes caeruleus, Paridae
Parus major
Cinciallegra (Great tit)
Parus major, Paridae
Periparus ater
Cincia mora (Coal tit)
Periparus ater, Paridae
Passer italiae
Passera d’Italia (Italian sparrow)
Passer italiae, Passeridae
Passer montanus
Passera mattugia (Eurasian tree sparrow)
Passer montanus, Passeridae
Phasianus colchicus
Fagiano comune (Common pheasant)
Phasianus colchicus, Phasianidae
Phylloscopus collybita
Lui piccolo (Common chiffchaff)
Phylloscopus collybita, Phylloscopidae
Dendrocopos major
Picchio rosso maggiore (Great spotted woodpecker)
Dendrocopos major, Picidae
Picus viridis
Picchio verde (European green woodpecker)
Picus viridis, Picidae
Regulus regulus
Regolo (Kinglet)
Regulus regulus, Regulidae
Sitta europaea
Picchio muratore (Eurasian nuthatch)
Sitta europaea, Sittidae
Asio otus
Gufo comune (Long-eared owl)
Asio otus, Strigidae
Athene noctua
Civetta (Little owl)
Athene noctua, Strigidae
Otus scops
Assiolo (European scops owl)
Otus scops, Strigidae
Sturnus vulgaris
Storno (Common starling)
Sturnus vulgaris, Sturnidae
Sylvia atricapilla
Capinera (Eurasian blackcap)
Sylvia atricapilla, Sylviidae
Troglodytes troglodytes
Scricciolo (Eurasian wren)
Troglodytes troglodytes, Troglodytidae
Saxicola torquatus
Saltimpalo (African stonechat)
Saxicola torquatus, Turdidae
Turdus merula
Merlo (Common blackbird)
Turdus merula, Turdidae

Other animals

Lumbricus terrestris
Common Earthworm/lombrico comune
Lumbricus terrestris, Lumbricidae
Aegithalos caudatus
Long-tailed Tit/Codibugnolo
Aegithalos caudatus, Aegithalidae
Colubridae
Colubrid Snakes/Colubridi
Colubridae, Colubridae
Podarcis siculus
Italian Wall Lizard/Lucertola campestre
Podarcis siculus, Lacertidae
Podarcis siculus campestris
Northern Italian Wall Lizard/Lucertola campestre
Podarcis siculus campestris, Lacertidae
Cernuella cisalpina
Maritime Garden Snail/na
Cernuella cisalpina, Geomitridae
Otalini
nd/na
Otalini, Helicidae
Cornu aspersum
Garden Snail/Chiocciola zigrinata
Cornu aspersum, Helicidae
Helix pomatia
Roman Snail/Chiocciola borgognona
Helix pomatia, Helicidae
Ambigolimax
Threeband Slugs/na
Ambigolimax, Limacidae
Limax maximus
Leopard Slug/Grande limaccia grigia
Limax maximus, Limacidae
Oxychilus
nd/na
Oxychilus, Oxychilidae